mental disorders

10 Types of Mental Disorders You Didn’t Know Existed

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mental disorders
mental disorders

Mental Disorders: Mental health refers to our emotional and psychological well-being, which has an enormous effect on our day-to-day lives.

Health problems can range from mild to severe and can occur at any stage of life. Disorders are conditions that disrupt. The way we think, feel, or behave, causes significant distress or difficulty functioning in social situations and relationships with others.

They’re not just psychological or behavioral problems. They’re medical illnesses that need treatment like any other illness—often with medication but sometimes with other therapies as well.

Brain injury

As the name suggests, a brain injury occurs when there is damage to or inflammation in the brain. Which can happen due to a head injury.

Although it’s not fully understood how this type of brain injury happens. Doctors have observed that symptoms and effects vary from person to person.

Brain injuries can result in many different types of mental health conditions, such as somatic symptom disorder and depression. 

Dissociative disorders are characterized by sudden disconnection. One’s self (or a part of one’s body) or an outside stimulus (e.g., what you’re seeing).

Dissociative disorders include depersonalization disorder, derealization disorder, dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, and dissociative identity disorder.

Bipolar disorders

The leading mental health disorder in the United States is Bipolar Disorder. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

It’s important to know how it affects not only that person but their family and friends as well.

1) How often do people with Bipolar Disorder go into a state of mania?

2) What is depression?

3) How often does someone experience a mood swing between depression and mania? 

4) Who c an be diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder?

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5) It’s common for family members to be diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder if one family member is experiencing the symptoms.

6) One more thing about this disorder. It can last for years, so it may take some time before a diagnosis is made.

7) What are some signs of depression?

 8) Long-term mental illnesses affect many aspects of your life including work, relationships, health, and well-being.

 9) Eating disorders are also very common among young women. Because they’re struggling with body image and self-esteem issues in general.

10) Substance use disorders affect nearly 20 million Americans each year. While there are an estimated 17 million adults who suffer from anxiety disorders at any given time

Autism spectrum disorder

A lot of people think autism is just a language problem. When really it is a disorder that disrupts the way a person thinks and acts.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder usually experience problems with social interaction. Verbal and nonverbal communication, sensory sensitivities and patterns, interests, behaviors, or unusual thoughts.

#1 -Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 in 68 children is diagnosed every year in the United States with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Boys are 4 times more likely to be diagnosed than girls.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is common in mental health. The condition affects people of all ages, but it usually becomes apparent in childhood.

There are three subtypes: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined.

A combination of genetic and environmental factors can contribute to the development of ADHD. Early diagnosis and intervention can lead to better outcomes later in life. 

Mental health topics have been extensively studied and there are many different theories as to what contributes to mental illness.

Some experts believe that biological factors such as genetics, and brain chemistry. Changes in brain structure and function (due to head injury or substance abuse), neurotransmitter imbalances.

Hormone levels and immune function may cause mental disorders. However, others maintain that external stressors such as family issues. Bullying plays a major role in mental health conditions such as depression.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)- Mental Disorders

Many people know what it’s like to be told to get over it, it’s not that bad. When you talk about OCD, the fact is. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental illness and in some cases a debilitating one.

It affects one in forty-one adults in the US at some point in their lives. 1 out of 100 children experiences OCD too.

The National Institute of Mental Health reports that more than 2 million Americans deal with severe OCD symptoms every day. 

According to NIMH, the most common compulsions involve excessive hand washing or cleaning. Ordering and arranging things symmetrically, hoarding items, and extreme avoidance of germs.

More than half of all people diagnosed with OCD also have an anxiety disorder as well. Mental health includes depression or other mood disorders.

Conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder)

A conversion disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder). When a person has a physical symptom that explained by medical science.

These symptoms psychosomatic in nature and not fixed. Common symptoms are tingling, numbness, and paralysis, but these vary for each person who experiences this mental disorder.

Most doctors consider diagnosis based on symptoms. As the cause of these disorders is unknown and it’s unclear. There is an identifiable cause for the symptomatic behaviors or not.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID, formerly multiple personality disorder)

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a serious mental illness in which the patient starts living in alternate realities.

The disease classified as an emotional disorder and sometimes referred to as multiple personality disorder. Despite not limited to personalities.

DID causes trauma and loss so severe that the person has no memory or awareness. Trauma or loss, but has created more than one personality for self-preservation purposes.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

PTSD may include flashbacks to the trauma through images and memories as well as nightmares and avoidance behaviors. Not everyone who experiences trauma will get PTSD. If they do, they are likely to have it for a long time. Which can interfere with their relationships with friends and family members.

Separation anxiety disorder – Mental Disorders

The first mental disorders on the list are separation anxiety disorder. This one has to do with chronic anxiety and a heightened fear that something bad will happen. When you separated from your loved ones or some other object or place.

Sometimes, individuals with this condition will have physical reactions such as shortness of breath and a fast heartbeat. They may also feel dizzy, lightheaded, sick to their stomach, and/or faint. These symptoms are typically accompanied by feelings of panic and dread.

Panic attacks – Mental Disorders

The mental disorder most commonly known as panic attacks usually occur. When the body’s normal fight or flight response becomes hyper-sensitized.

Panic attacks can cause a person to experience one or more of the following symptoms:

Difficulty breathing, chest pain, heart palpitations, headaches, feelings of unreality, numbness, or tingling sensations. Feelings of choking, shaking, or trembling (and feeling like the world is about to end). 

American Psychiatric Association reported this mental disorder affects 2.7% of the population. Which amounts to 6 million people in America and mainly found in young adults aged 18-25.

Schizoaffective Disorder:

A person with schizoaffective disorder will experience at least two out of five schizophrenic episodes. Manic episodes a period of twelve months for it diagnosed as schizoaffective disorder.

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